New Times for Architectural Styles
Arch Architecture is the artistic production and the discipline of designing, planning, and building structures either in the form of houses or other buildings. Architectural projects, in the conventional material form such as homes, can be perceived as visual works and as cultural icons. It was envisaged that architectural plans would not only serve as functional guides but also as a reflection of social, historical, aesthetic, and religious expectations. The resulting architecture has both an aesthetic and a social impact.
Arch Architecture was born in the late nineteenth century when the need to design large buildings arose and architectural experts sought solutions by means of new technical and scientific methods. The most important element of this discipline is the use of complex mathematics, specifically geometry. This helps the architect to determine spatial relationships and designing qualities. One of the most important characteristics of Arch Architecture is the use of stylized designs, characterized by extreme symmetries and geometrical exactness. Although it is an avant-garde approach to architecture, some of its characteristics are similar to Pre-Sixties Modern Architecture, which seeks to conserve the architectural heritage. However, the main difference between the two is that the aim of Pre-Sixties Modern Architecture was to utilize modern technology and materials.
A brief look at the past reveals many different styles of architecture that have come out of the myriad of possible inventions made possible by new times. A number of the most significant and influential architecture can be located in the buildings of the Persian Empire in India, and China. In fact, many buildings from the Chinese century can still be seen and tour in China today. Architectural styles in ancient architecture came about because of the local conditions of the people who built them, as well as the architectural preferences of the ruling dynasties who owned the land on which the buildings were built. New world architecture developed based on the architectural styles prevalent in the cities of European powers at the time.