Designing is a branch of engineering that refers to the arrangement of items so that their performance, effectiveness, and safety are optimized. A design is basically a sketch or blueprint for the erection of a part or an organization, the manifestation of which is the finished product, or the resultant product of that sketch or blueprint. Designing is therefore a branch of civil engineering that deals mainly with the arrangements of physical items. The word ‘design’ can also be applied to ‘planning’, ‘foresight’, or ‘anticipated’.
Designing deals with an assortment of problems like how to organize data, how to record or store it, and how to convert it into a format that the end users will understand. It also involves problem solving, research, analysis, planning and design thinking. Designing incorporates many ideas from art, literature, psychology, cognitive science, engineering and many other areas and is used for improving services and products by soliciting user feedback, coming up with original ideas, testing, counter-testing, and many more. The ability to visualize designs and to create them is called ‘idea formation’. Designing is often used in product development as it enables the designers to consider many issues at a time and come up with feasible solutions.
A number of techniques help us to come up with viable solutions. These include user feedback, conceptual designs, use of software, manufacturing, cost reduction and others. Designing is therefore a dynamic process that involves both research and analysis. Designing can be a very demanding and sometimes time consuming job. Thus, many designers choose to hire professional designers who would be able to take care of all their requirements and provide them with the best possible design thinking methodology.