Design Thinking Outside the Traditional Art and Design Field
Design is a technical term used to describe the act of assembling something (typically with a machine) in order to produce a certain output. Design is also used to describe the relationship between a design and its environment. Design is used to describe the quality of a building or component as well as its functionality. A design is also a description or blueprint for the production of some physical item or system, or even for the operation of an entire process or activity, or the outcome of which plan or blueprint is produced. The verb to design normally refers to the process of creating a design by means of an interaction of human experts.
Designers employ a variety of different strategies in order to create designs. Some designers use only formal processes such as planning, modelling, and programming, while others employ a more practical and less formal approach such as user experience research and the use of ‘design thinking’ or ‘design principles’ to build up from first principle to the final design. The discipline of design thinking was popularized by American designer W. Clement Stone, who used it to create practical systems for government office buildings and engineering buildings.
Designers also use other disciplines, such as technical, structural, architectural, artistic, and communication arts, to develop solutions for specific problems. These designers need to be skilled in many fields because they are not limited to the usual art and design fields. There are two ways in which designers can express themselves outside the traditional professional art and design field: through texts, images, and information technology (video, computer software, and interactivity); and through the creation of prototypes and other models. In this article, we will discuss how designers can use their knowledge of many disciplines in the context of the information technology and design process.