Architecture is the product and the process of designing, planning, and building different structures or buildings. Architectural works, at the physical form of buildings, can be perceived as artistic works and as symbols of culture. Architectural forms and structures, such as houses, buildings, monuments, malls, parks, gardens, etc. are usually made of different materials, including bricks, stones, wood, glass, concrete, etc. In terms of design, architecture focuses on the harmony of the building, taking into consideration the various input factors like climate, usability, aesthetics, cost, accessibility, noise, vandalism, etc.
The term architecture comes from the Greek words architectia, meaning a temple or meeting place, and takla, meaning to build. In fact, the term was originally applied to construct temples and other such buildings. Today, architecture is used to refer to the discipline of constructing and designing buildings. As of today, there has been a considerable growth in this field of study. With the growth of technical innovations and changes in the building practices, the practice of architecture is also changing.
The practice of architecture is mostly related to the planning and designing of the built environment. However, it also includes the knowledge of how to design and manage the construction processes and resources. Architectural professionals are responsible for making sure that the buildings are designed in a way that meets the requirements of the current society. These professionals can use technical innovations, scientific methodologies, economic development, environmental considerations, sociological aspects, etc to design a perfect structure. These professionals have a vast range of skills and knowledge to ensure that the constructed buildings are functional and aesthetically pleasing to look at.