Architectural architecture is the art and the technical process by which building structures or other buildings are constructed and designed. Architectural projects, in the common material form of houses, are usually perceived as artistic works and as visual symbols. The architectural styles that have become popular over the years can be grouped into a number of main sub-genres, depending on the architectural style, its role, and the era during which it was developed. Although some of the styles have become classic and thus timeless, new styles have emerged and become popular over the years. Some of these are listed below.
Pre-capitalism architects were renowned for their innovative designs, which put an emphasis on originality and unconventional structures. Their works included experimental constructions and they were characterized by stylized forms and unusual ornamentation. Futurists are known for their experimentation with form and structure, and they often contributed to the rejection of the classic style. In this movement, architecture is given more importance than aesthetics. Postmodernists on the other hand, consider architecture to have no intrinsic meaning and its use is simply a reaction to certain socio-political conditions.
Urban planners and urban design experts give more significance to the functionality of a building than its aesthetic appearance. In this context, functionality refers to the extent to which a building can be used and whether it fulfills its intended purpose. Many modern architects have contributed towards the development of more sustainable forms of architecture. Some of them are responsible for creating environments that are friendly to nature and friendly to the human health. These incorporate elements such as energy efficiency, sustainable buildings and materials, and low energy consumption through efficient design and utilization of space.