Architectural engineering refers to the art and the science of designing, planning, and building structures or other physical objects. Architectural projects, in the broadest sense, are usually perceived as artistic works and as visual symbols. It is also known as the discipline of architecture as such. In architectural engineering, the basic operational concepts of a building or any physical structure are considered as the basic input material, which is then transformed into designs for specific purposes, such as heating, ventilation, lighting, etc.
In recent times architecture has become associated with high-tech industries, as buildings are now designed and built using computer software. This highly technical field involves the application of mathematics, chemistry, thermodynamics, computer engineering, etc., in order to design, build, operate, maintain, and dismantle various types of physical structures, such as buildings, monuments, bridges, sky scrapers, vehicle air conditioners, ships, and space shuttles. In addition, architects have to ensure that the designing process is economical, efficient, and environmental friendly. They use different forms of technologies for the purpose, such as computers, design software, laser systems, CAD/CAM software, and the like. Architects also use different styles of materials for the construction of the projects.
Industrial architecture, on the other hand, refers to the design and building of large buildings, sometimes with a dependence on the specific needs of the industry. In such cases, the architect has to coordinate with production managers and other employees who will be working in the factories or warehouses where the building will be located. The production managers will determine what type of materials, the buildings should be made of, such as steel, concrete, wood, glass, etc. Other factors involved in industrial architect jobs include the nature of the industry, such as the location, the climate, and the ethics of the people who will be working in the construction of the building. In the end, the architect is responsible for the satisfaction of his clients, the completion of the project on time, and for creating a structure that will last a lifetime.