A design is a blueprint or specifications for the construction or implementation of an entity or system, or even for the experimental implementation of some act or procedure, or the outcome of this blueprint or specification in the actual form of some manufactured object, apparatus or service. The word ‘design’ is derived from the Latin ‘dieta’, meaning ‘doing’. So, design is the putting together of elements to form some output of some purpose or intended action. Thus the term ‘design’ is used to designate the resultant of putting together various parts or components. In engineering, design refers to the systematic organization of the processes of production as it relates to the design of the technical apparatus or construction involved.
Designers have a special relationship with the object they are designing, with its owner, the user, and with the processes they must go through before it is actually produced. Designers are subject to a wide range of social and psychological pressures, including the necessity to justify their ideas and to overcome the objections of others. Although the word design usually indicates a physical process rather than an idea, in fact it is made up from the combining of many different words and it therefore includes a great variety of disciplines. Designing involves the thinking of how an item may be used, what it should look like, how it should feel to the user, and what it should be capable of doing. Designers are continually confronted with the problem of providing solutions to these questions and they usually try to solve problems by means of various different techniques, methods, and means.
Designing is not a simple matter because it involves the selection of materials, shapes, sizes, orientations, sizes, and other factors. A successful design will incorporate the use of information science, psychology, and technology in order to maximize effectiveness and minimize waste. Designers have been successful in using such disciplines as mathematics, art, business people, and other types of experts who possess different specialties. Designing is an ever-evolving field, and as technology develops, so too do the approaches involved in designing.