Architectural Design and the Functional Process

Architectural architecture is the product and the process of designing, planning, and building various structures or buildings. Architectural works, traditionally in the form of monuments, are frequently perceived to be artistic works and as visual symbols. They are designed to express a point of view or to provide guidance for the design and construction of a particular structure. The use of architectural plans to create and build a building is called design of structure and construction; this process of design and construction is also referred to as blueprint architecture. It is one of the earliest forms of systematic art found in pre-history.


Architecture was considered to be a branch of aesthetic science. It has both theoretical and practical applications and has often been used to enhance the visual appeal of a site and/or to create a functional facility or to support management processes. In planning and design of buildings and other monuments, architects have used stylized drawings and plans to determine the arrangement and shape of parts, as well as to define the materials to be used and the location of windows, doors, ventilation systems, etc. In some instances, architectural detailing and the selection of materials has led to esthetics rather than functionality. This has become an important area of specialization and debate in architectural schools.

Architecture is usually seen as a form of aesthetic art since it usually reflects the culture and historical periods in which it was built. However, it is also considered a practical application that has social, economic, and environmental impacts. Therefore, it is not only an aesthetic matter but an important area of social science, art, architecture, and engineering. Architecture students learn how to plan and design a building by incorporating multiple disciplines including structural, architectural, composition, electrical, HVAC, and plumbing. Students are taught the fundamentals of architectural principles such as stability, durability, and safety, and learn about sustainability through programs such as sustainable architecture. In addition, they develop the skills needed to become professional planners, designers, and implementors.